International Recipes and Cooking Around the World

Jamaica: Recipes and Cuisine

Dangling legs in Jamaica

Image Creative Commons by Bob Gaffney

Ackee, pawpaw, jerk, stamp-and-go...the cuisine of Jamaica is as fun to say as it is to eat! Cooking on this Caribbean island has been influenced by immigration from several areas of the world — Africa, Asia, Europe — as well as by the Arawaks, Jamaica's original inhabitants. The result is spicy, nourishing food with a powerful punch of flavor.

Jamaican Cuisine: A Background

While the cooking of Jamaica is typically Caribbean in many ways, the island's unique mix of culinary influences, due to several waves of immigration, led to a distinctive cuisine.

Culinary Influences

The first cooking on the island was by the Arawak Indians who made use of native produce and meats. Fish, corn, cassava and callaloo—a green similar to spinach—were mainstays of the diet.

With European settlement and the introduction of slavery, English puddings and pasties and African yams, okra and ackee—a tree fruit used as a vegetable—entered into the repertoire.

After the abolition of slavery, the British brought over indentured servants from India, and various curries became popular. And Chinese immigration expresses itself in the popularity of sweet-sour dishes.

Common Ingredients

Ingredients in wide use on Jamaica include bananas, breadfruit, chocho (or chayote, a type of squash), bok choy, butterbeans, pawpaw (papaya), lime and avocados (known in Jamaica as "pears"). Pork, chicken, fish and shellfish find their way into various dishes.

Allspice and thyme are typical seasonings in Jamaican cooking, and the super-hot Scotch bonnet pepper adds fiery punch to almost everything.

Jamaica rum lends itself to a variety of tropical drinks. Blue Mountain coffee, grown in the interior, is a world famous export.

Popular Dishes

Goat curry is special occasion food and shows the influence of East Indian cuisine in Jamaica. Ackee and saltfish is a mixture of salt cod and the scrambled-egg-like fruit and is considered Jamaica's national dish.

Perhaps the most widely known and beloved of Jamaican food is jerk. This method of grilling meats originated with the Arawaks and involved cooking marinated meat over a fire of pimento wood. The pimento tree is the source of allspice, a beloved Jamaican flavoring, and allspice finds its way into every jerk recipe.

The vegetarian cooking of the Rastafarians, called Ital cuisine, is an important subcomponent of Jamaica's food culture. Ital focuses on not only the nutritive value of food but also on its medicinal effects.

Typical Jamaican Dishes

A list of typical Jamaican dishes and foods. Use it to help you plan a Jamaican-style meal, party or festival.

Appetizers

  • Akkra (Black-eyed pea fritters)
  • Plantain Fritters (Deep-fried plantain balls)

Soups and Stews

  • Oxtail Soup
  • Pepperpot (Spicy stew)
  • Red Pea Soup (Red bean soup with coconut milk)

Salads

  • Coleslaw

Poultry

  • Jerk Chicken (Spicy grilled chicken)

Meats

  • Beef and Okra (Beef and okra stew)
  • Beef Patties (Spiced ground beef in pastry crust)
  • Goat Curry
  • Roast Pork

Fish and Seafood

  • Ackee and Saltfish (National dish)
  • Blaff (Lime-poached fish)
  • Coconut Shrimp (Crispy deep-fried shrimp)
  • Escovitch (Pickled fried mackerel)
  • Fish Pie (Baked fish and eggs)
  • Pepper Shrimp (Spicy simmered shrimp)
  • Rundown (Mackerel or salmon simmered in coconut milk)

Vegetables and Beans

  • Baked Sweet Potatoes
  • Green Bananas (Steamed bananas)
  • Greens (Kale, collard, mustard, turnip, beet, chard)
  • Rice and Peas (Rice with beans and coconut milk)

Breads and Grains

  • Bammie (Cassava flatbread)
  • Rice and Peas (Rice with beans and coconut milk)

Sauces and Condiments

  • Jerk Marinade
  • Pawpaw Chutney (Papaya relish)

Desserts

  • Banana Cake
  • Black Cake (Rum-soaked fruitcake)
  • Plantain Fritters (Deep-fried plantain balls)
  • Totoes (Coconut cake)

Beverages

  • Carrot Juice
  • Ginger Beer (Ginger beverage)
  • Limeade (Lime beverage)
  • Planter's Punch (Dark rum with fruit juice)
  • Sorrel Punch (Hibiscus flower beverage)

Jamaican Recipes

Try these recipes from Jamaica.

Akkra

Black-eyed pea fritters

(Senegalese black-eyed pea fritters)

Bammy

Bammy Jamaican cassava flatbread

(Jamaican cassava flatbread)

Blaff

Limes on the tree

(Caribbean lime-poached fish)

Fish Pie

Jamaican fish pie with mashed potato topping

(Jamaican baked fish and eggs)