Tomatoes: Buying, Storing and Using
Lycopersicon lycopersicum is an amazingly versatile fruit with an almost endless variety. Mostly used as a vegetable, the tomato comes from a large family of crop plants that includes potatoes, peppers and the eggplant.
First cultivated by the Incas in western South America, the tomato spread northward from there to Central America. The Spanish conquistadors first encountered the tomato as used by the Aztecs, and they brought seeds with them back to Europe.
There the tomato caused a small sensation. It was called the "apple of love" by the French, and the pomodoro, or "golden apple" in Italy where a yellow variety was grown.
The British believed the tomato to be poisonous, and it was grown only as a garden curiosity. This belief was carried to the colonies in America, and the tomato was only recognized in that country to be safe in the early 1800s.
The tomato has since spread to cuisines worldwide.
The tomato hybridizes easily and comes in many forms. The three most common types are beefsteak (for slicing), cherry (for salads), and plum (for sauces and tomato paste). There are also numerous heirloom varieties available that range from golden yellow to white to purple.
A hot climate produces the tastiest tomatoes. The best come to the market starting in the late summer and last through early autumn. Although commercially grown tomatoes are slowly improving in flavor, it is commonly acknowledged that the best tasting tomato is homegrown.
Buying, Storing and Preparing Tomatoes
Buy tomatoes that are deep red and give just a little when you squeeze them. Avoid pink tomatoes at all costs; they won't ripen very well and have little flavor. Refrigerated tomatoes won't ripen. Just set them in the window sill and use them as you need them. If they start to get too ripe, you can pop them in the fridge and they will last longer.
Many recipes call for tomatoes that are peeled, seeded and chopped. If you are using fresh tomatoes, not canned, this can be an important step to keep unappetizing skins and seeds out of a sauce or stew.
Cut a small X on the bottom of the tomatoes. Plunge them in boiling water for 30 seconds. Then plunge them in cold water for another 30 seconds. The skin will slip right off. Now cut the tomatoes horizontally through the middle and squeeze out the seeds. Chop and proceed with the recipe.
Tomato Uses Around the World
Tomatoes are a common item in many cuisines around the world, but no country uses them as a culinary foundation more than the Italians. The San Marzano plum tomato is grown on the slopes of Mt. Vesuvius and is considered by many to be the best sauce tomato in the world.
Tomatoes are excellent for slicing and in salads. They pair exceptionally well with basil and oregano. Fried green tomatoes is a famous dish from the American South. Tomatoes are the base of Italian marinara sauce and Mexican salsa. They can be turned into tomato jam or tomato pickles and are a prime candidate for gardeners who can their harvest.
(Dominican, Puerto Rican stewed chicken)
(South African spicy tomato, pepper and onion dish)
(Salvadoran tomato sauce)
(Egyptian pasta, rice and lentils with tomato sauce)
(Mexican fish Veracruz-style)
(Guatemalan shredded beef in tomato-tomatillo sauce)
(American chicken and bacon sandwich)
(South African lamb stew)
(East African greens simmered with tomatoes)
(Italian traditional pizzas from Naples)
(Peruvian beef and potato stir fry)
(North African eggs poached in a pepper ragout)
(Greek tomato, cucumber and olive salad)
(Filipino chicken and vegetables in tomato sauce)
(Puerto Rican fish with tomato-olive sauce)
(Italian grilled bread with tomatoes)
(Chilean pumpkin and cranberry bean stew)
(Latin flavoring base)
(Haitian beef with tomatoes and peppers)
(Mexican chicken and cheese stuffed tortillas)
(Brazilian fish and coconut milk stew)
(Indonesian vegetable salad with peanut sauce)
(Kenyan black-eyed peas and tomatoes in peanut sauce)
(Ivoirian stewed chicken and vegetables)
(Spanish chilled tomato-cucumber soup)
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