International Recipes and Cooking Around the World

Moules-Frites, or Mosselen-Friet

Bowl of moules and frites

(Belgian steamed mussels and fries)

Image Creative Commons by UnorthodoxY

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These mussels from Brussels, paired with fries, are a favorite feast for Belgians. Moules (mosselen in Dutch) are mussels, and frites refers to pommes frites, or french fries. (Note: The French and Belgians both claim to have invented fried potato sticks. We won't try to settle that argument here.)

Moules-frites is offered at almost all Belgian restaurants, and it is equally popular in France. It makes great date food. The mussels can be flavored in a number of ways. This recipe makes a bowl of basic moules marinières — mussels steamed in white wine and butter.

Serves 2


For the fries

  • Oil for deep frying
  • Potatoes, peeled and cut into 1/4-inch sticks -- 2 pounds
  • Salt -- to season

For the mussels

  • Butter -- 3 tablespoons
  • Mussels, scrubbed and debearded -- 3 pounds
  • Shallots or onion, minced -- 1/3 cup
  • White wine -- 1 cup
  • Parsley, finely chopped -- 1 or 2 tablespoons
  • Salt and pepper -- to season


  1. Heat at least 3 inches of oil in a deep fryer or deep pot to 370°F. Working in batches if necessary, fry the potatoes until cooked through and tender, about 8 to 10 minutes. Remove to a rack-lined baking sheet and set aside to cool. Keep the oil ready for later.
  2. Heat the butter in a large pot over medium flame. Add the chopped shallots and saute until they are cooked through and translucent, about 2 to 3 minutes.
  3. Add the mussels, white wine, parsley and salt and pepper to season. Bring to a boil, then cover, remove heat to low and steam, shaking occasionally until the mussels are all steamed open and cooked through, about 5 minutes. Remove the mussels from heat and set aside.
  4. Increase the temperature of the oil to 385°F and fry the cooled potatoes until browned and crispy on the outside, about 4 to 5 minutes. Remove to a platter or bowl and sprinkle generously with salt.
  5. Give each diner a bowl for mussels, a plate for fries and another plate or bowl for the empty shells. Set a small bowl of mayonnaise on the table as a condiment for the fries.

Moules Frites Variations

  • Potatoes: Potatoes for French fries should be neither too wet or too dry. It's best to use a starchy potato, like a russet, or an all-purpose potato. Waxy potatoes tend to be a bit too dry for fries. Belgians use the Bintje variety of potato that is popular in both Belgium and France.
  • Mussels: Vary the seasoning for the mussels as you like. Add a big dollop of minced garlic along with the shallots or onion. Use beer instead of wine. Add a splash of Pernod and a squeeze of lemon. Drop in a big pinch of curry powder and finish with cream.


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