International Recipes and Cooking Around the World

Baking: Method and Recipes

Ingredients for baking

Image Creative Commons by Markus Spiske

Baking is a way of cooking sweet or savory items in the dry heat of an oven. Although baking itself is a relatively easy process, it is good to have some knowledge of the role each ingredient plays in creating the final dish.

Different ingredients strengthen, bind, thicken, sweeten, leaven and add moisture. Some ingredients, like milk and sugar, perform multiple roles. And others will only carry out their duties under very specific conditions. For this reason baking is often compared to the science of chemistry.

You shouldn't be intimidated by baking though. A reasonable knowledge of basic methods and ingredient functions opens up a world of variety and creativity that is the raison de faire cuire au four of the typical pastry chef.

Baking Recipes


Lekach, a Jewish honey cake, in a Bundt pan

(Israeli Jewish honey cake)


Challah (Jewish braided Sabbath bread)

(Israeli Jewish braided Sabbath bread)


Bichak Recipe (Afghani stuffed savory and sweet pastries)

(Afghan stuffed savory and sweet pastries)


Hamantaschen (Israeli, Jewish filled pastries)

(Israeli Jewish filled tricorner Purim pastries)

Shoofly Pie

Shoofly Pie (American Pennsylvania Dutch molasses tart)

(American Pennsylvania Dutch molasses tart)


Pavlova (Australian meringue with whipped cream and fruit)

(Australian meringue with whipped cream and fruit)

Pan de Muerto

Mexican Day of the Dead bread

(Mexican anise-scented bread for the Day of the Dead)


Lavash (Southwest Asian thin flatbread)

(Southwest Asian thin flatbread)


Lefse (Norwegian potato flatbread)

(Norwegian potato flatbread)